The Grey Wolves

(1) The Nation of Turks is neither Turkey nor Turkestan, but the great nation of all Turks, the great and immortal kingdom of Turan.

(2) Our aim is to unify 100 million Turks into a single nation.

(3) All things are for the Turks and for the benefit of Turks.

The Grey Wolves (Bozkurtlar in Turkish) are the youth organization of the Turkish Nationalist Movement Party ("Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi", MHP). They are named after Asena, a legendary ancient female wolf that led captive Turks to freedom. Their formal name in Turkish is ülkücüler (idealists) and Ülkücü Hareket (The Idealist Movement), inspired by the writings of 19th century Turkish thinker Ziya Gökalp which were later developed by the 20th century writer Nihal Atsiz (who is currently a high school teacher of Alparslan Türkeş). Grey Wolf doctrine incorporates elements of Italian fascist Giovanni Gentile's "Actual Idealism" theory in a pseudo-philosophical manner. Ülkü Ocakları (Forges of Ideal), the political platform of Grey Wolves, denies any "direct" links with MHP and presents itself as an independent youth organisation. Their female supporters are called Asena. When loudly acclaimed while visiting an İstanbul synagogue in 1992, Alparslan Türkeş referred to the gatherers, with some humor, as the "Grey Wolves of Moses". Turkish authorities accused the organization in 1981 of carrying out 694 murders in the years of 1974 to 1980 and they are alledged to be connected to the assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II (1920-2005) on May 13, 1981 in Rome’s St. Peter's Square.